Mental health has been defined by WHO (1999) as a state of well-being in
which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, copes with the normal
stresses of life, works productively and fruitfully, and makes contributions to
the community. Mental health is considered the foundation for well-being and
effective functioning for an individual and for a community. A community of
mentally healthy individuals is therefore empowered, productive, and resilient.
Promoting mental health covers a variety of strategies, which aims to have
positive impact on mental health. It involves actions that create living conditions
and environments to support mental health and allow people to adopt and maintain healthy lifestyles. This
includes programs and policies that aim to foster individual and community mental health towards healthy
living. The connection between chronic noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) and mental health problems has
been shown to be bi-directional. Chronic NCDs can lead to certain mental health issues just as mental illness
can also contribute to development of chronic NCDs.
– Promoting Mental Health and Wellness